SMTL Dressings Datacard



Product Name:Algisite M
Classification Name:Calcium Alginate Primary Wound Dressing
Manufacturer: Smith & Nephew Healthcare Ltd

Description

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Algisite M is a primary wound dressing made from the calcium salt of alginic acid rich in mannuronic acid. It is prepared as a textile fibre held together by a special needle bonding process , and presented as a `rope' for packing for cavities, and a flat non-woven pad for application to larger open wounds. When in contact with serum, wound exudate, or solutions containing sodium ions, the insoluble calcium alginate is partially converted to the soluble sodium salt, and a soft, hydrophilic, gas permeable gel is rapidly produced, which conforms to the contours of the wound and provides a micro-environment that is believed to facilitate wound healing.

Indications

Algisite M sheets may be applied to exuding lesions including leg ulcers, pressure areas, donor sites, and most other granulating wounds but for deeper cavity wounds and sinuses, the rope packing form is generally preferred. The dressing also appears to be of value as an adjunct to the systemic treatment of infected or malodorous wounds and for the management of painful wounds when removal of other more traditional dressings causes unacceptable levels of pain or trauma.

Contra-indications

Although there are no known contra-indications to the use of Algisite M, the dressing will be of little value if applied to wounds that are very dry, or covered with hard black necrotic tissue.

Method of use

An Algisite M dressing, chosen to be slightly larger than the area of the wound, is placed in intimate contact with the wound base. Any overlap may be cut away or folded back over the wound surface before the application of a sterile secondary dressing held in place with surgical tape or a bandage as appropriate. The nature of the secondary dressing will be governed by the condition of the wound. If large quantities of exudate are anticipated, a simple absorbent dressing pad may be required; but as the wound heals and less exudate is produced, a thinner pad bearing a plastic film of low adherence may help to conserve moisture and prevent the wound drying out too quickly. Deeper cavity wounds or sinuses may be dressed with Algisite M rope, which should be placed gently in position but not packed in too tightly.

Because of the needling process used in its construction, the dressing has significant wet strength, which means that it can be easily removed from a wound in one piece, a process that may be facilitated by irrigation with sterile normal saline. This may be accomplished without causing either damage to the wound or pain to the patient. A small percentage of patients experience a mild `drawing' or `burning' sensation immediately after the application of an alginate dressing to a dry wound bed. This sensation, which is usually transient, is thought to be due to the hydrophilic nature of the dressing causing temporary localised drying of the surface of the wound. This discomfort may generally be prevented by moistening the surface of the wound with a small quantity of sterile normal saline prior to the application of the dressing.

Frequency of Change

The interval between dressing changes will depend entirely upon the state of the wound and the nature of the secondary dressing. Algisite M applied to heavily exuding or sloughy wounds may need replacing daily initially, but as healing progresses and the amount of exudate decreases, the interval between changes may be extended to up to 7 days in some circumstances. At this stage a change to an alternative dressing such as a film product should be considered to conserve moisture.

Warnings

Wounds that show signs of clinical infection may be dressed with Algisite M but the dressing should be changed daily and the use of systemic antibiotic therapy considered

Presentation

The dressings are presented individually packed in peel pouches, sterilised by ethylene oxide.

Storage

Sizes

Algisite M is available in a range of sizes as follows.

Ankle circumference (Colour Code)

5cm x 5cm

10cm x 10cm

15cm x 20cm

2g x 30cm rope

Bibliography

1. Thomas, S., 2000, Alginate dressings in surgery and wound management - part 1: Journal of Wound Care, v. 9, p. 56-60.

2. Thomas, S., 2000, Alginate dressings in surgery and wound management - part 2: Journal of Wound Care, v. 9, p. 115-119.

3. Thomas, S., 2000, Alginate dressings in surgery and wound management - part 3:

4.Timmons J. Alginates and hydrofibre dressings. Prof Nurse 1999;14(7):496-9, 501, 503.

Availability

Further information on obtaining Smith & Nephew products is available on the Smith &Nephew web site.


Revision Details

Revision AuthorDr S. Thomas
Revision No 1.5
Revision date2006/01/23

This datacard has been prepared from data provided by the manufacturer and/or from published literature.



All materials copyright © 1992-2007 by the Surgical Materials Testing Lab. unless otherwise stated.

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Last Modified: Monday, 23-Jan-2006 12:28:00 UTC